Archive for the ‘English vocab’ Category

New Vocab: Trait

January 2, 2017

noun
plural noun: traits

a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person.
“he was a letter-of-the-law man, a common trait among coaches”
synonyms: characteristic, attribute, feature, quality, property; habit, custom, mannerism, idiosyncrasy, peculiarity, quirk, oddity, foible
elaborating on the truth is just one of her personality traits
a genetically determined characteristic.

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1. sifat

Dwarf: Mengkerdilkan

December 5, 2016

dwarf
dwôrf/
noun
noun: dwarf; plural noun: dwarfs; plural noun: dwarves; noun: dwarf star; plural noun: dwarf stars

1.
(in folklore or fantasy literature) a member of a mythical race of short
, stocky humanlike creatures who are generally skilled in mining and metalworking.
synonyms: gnome, goblin, hobgoblin, troll, imp, halfling, elf, brownie, leprechaun
“the wizard captured the dwarf”
a person who is of unusually or abnormally small stature because of a medical condition; a person affected by dwarfism.
offensive
a very short person.
synonyms: small person, short person; More
midget, pygmy, manikin, homunculus
denoting something, especially an animal or plant, that is much smaller than the usual size for its type or species.
modifier noun: dwarf
“a dwarf conifer”
synonyms: miniature, small, little, tiny, toy, pocket, diminutive, baby, pygmy, stunted, undersized, undersize; More
informalmini, teeny, teeny-weeny, itsy-bitsy, pint-sized, little-bitty, vertically challenged;
wee
“dwarf conifers”
antonyms: giant
2.
Astronomy
a star of relatively small size and low luminosity
, including the majority of main sequence stars.

verb
verb: dwarf; 3rd person present: dwarfs; past tense: dwarfed; past participle: dwarfed; gerund or present participle: dwarfing

1.
cause to seem small or insignificant in comparison.

“the buildings surround and dwarf All Saints Church”
synonyms: dominate, tower over, loom over, overshadow, overtop More
“the buildings dwarf the trees”
overshadow, outshine, surpass, exceed, outclass, outstrip, outdo, top, trump, transcend;
diminish, minimize
“her progress was dwarfed by her sister’s success”
stunt the growth or development of.
“the dwarfed but solid branch of a tree”
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Thousands of police and soldiers were deployed to keep the peace at Friday’s rally, which could dwarf a protest of a few weeks earlier that brought 100,000 people on to the streets and was the biggest demonstration the city had seen in years.

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adjective

kerdil

verb

mengerdilkan
menyebabkan menjadi kecil

noun

katai
orang kerdil
leco
orang pendek
Origin

Disperese : Distribute, Spread Over

December 5, 2016

dis·perse
dəˈspərs/
verb
verb: disperse; 3rd person present: disperses; past tense: dispersed; past participle: dispersed; gerund or present participle: dispersing

1.
distribute or spread over a wide area.

“storms can disperse seeds via high altitudes”
synonyms: scatter, disseminate, distribute, spread, broadcast
“seeds dispersed by birds”
antonyms: gather
go or cause to go in different directions or to different destinations.
“the crowd dispersed”
synonyms: break up, split up, disband, scatter, leave, go their separate ways; More
drive away/off, chase away
“the crowd began to disperse”
antonyms: assemble
(with reference to gas, smoke, mist, or cloud) thin out or cause to thin out and disappear.
“the earlier mist had dispersed”
synonyms: dissipate, dissolve, melt away, fade away, clear, lift
“the fog finally dispersed”
Physics
divide (light) into constituents of different wavelengths.
Chemistry
distribute (small particles) uniformly in a medium.

adjectiveChemistry
adjective: disperse

1.
denoting a phase dispersed in another phase, as in a colloid.
“emulsions should be examined after storage for droplet size of the disperse phase”
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verb

membubarkan
bubar
menyebar
berpencar
memencarkan
berpencaran
mengaparkan

Origin

Kosakata Arab: Muncrat = tadaffaqo

December 5, 2016

تَدَفَّقَ ، اِنْبَجَسَ

tadaffaqo, inbajasa

—–

Summary

تَدَفَّقَ {verb}
to spout · to spray · to billow · to spurt · to flood ·
to flood back · to squirt · to flood in · to stream · to flow · to flock · to pour in · to gush · to ooze · to pour · to pump · to roll in · to run · to spew · to splash

————–
تَدَفُّق {noun}
rush · spurt · stream · influx · invasion · surge · effusion · flow · jet · outflow

———-
Kata daafiq (memancar) mengisyaratkan bahwa air itu sendiri yang memiliki sifat memancar. Ia tidak dipancarkan tetapi memancar dengan sendirinya, sehingga jika seseorang bermaksud menahan pancarannya maka orang tersebut tidak akan mampu menahannya. (sumber:http://abuenadlir.blogspot.co.id/2015/05/surat-ath-thariq-yang-datang-di-malam)

Gaffe : blunder; Kejanggalan

November 14, 2016

gaffe
ɡaf/
noun
plural noun: gaffes

an unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to its originator; a blunder.
“an unforgivable social gaffe”
synonyms: blunder, mistake, error, slip, faux pas, indiscretion, impropriety, miscalculation, gaucherie, solecism; More

It would also be naive to pretend there is not a deeply cynical intent behind the gaffes too

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kejanggalan

Rebuff : menolak dengan kasar

November 14, 2016

re·buff
rəˈbəf/
verb
verb: rebuff; 3rd person present: rebuffs; past tense: rebuffed; past participle: rebuffed; gerund or present participle: rebuffing

1.
reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.

“I asked her to be my wife, and was rebuffed in no uncertain terms”
synonyms: reject, turn down, spurn, refuse, decline, repudiate; More
snub, slight, repulse, repel, dismiss, brush off, give someone the cold shoulder;
informalgive someone the brush-off, give someone the bum’s rush, freeze out
“his offer was rebuffed”
antonyms: accept

noun
noun: rebuff; plural noun: rebuffs

1.
an abrupt or ungracious refusal or rejection of an offer, request, or friendly gesture.
“any attempt to win her friendship was met with rebuffs”
synonyms: rejection, snub, slight, repulse; More
————–
noun

penolakan kasar
penampikan kasar
keingkaran

verb

menampik dgn kasar
menolak dgn kasar

Coarse = Adj. Kasar

November 14, 2016

coarse
kôrs/

adjective
adjective: coarse; comparative adjective: coarser; superlative adjective: coarsest

1.
rough or loose in texture or grain.

“a coarse woolen cloth”
synonyms: rough, scratchy, prickly, wiry
“coarse blankets”
antonyms: soft
made of large grains or particles.
“dry, coarse sand”
(of grains or particles) large.
(of a person’s features) not elegantly formed or proportioned.
synonyms: large, rough, rough-hewn, heavy; ugly
“his coarse features”
antonyms: delicate
(of food or drink) of inferior quality.
2.
(of a person or their speech) rude, crude, or vulgar.

synonyms: oafish, loutish, boorish, uncouth, rude, impolite, ill-mannered, uncivil; More
vulgar, common, rough, uncultured, crass
“a coarse boy”

Melania Trump’s speech in Berwyn was billed as an attempt to soften her husband’s coarse image with white suburban women

vulgar, crude, rude, off-color, dirty, filthy, smutty, indelicate, improper, unseemly, crass, tasteless, lewd, prurient, blue, farmyard
“a coarse innuendo”
antonyms: sophisticated, refined
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adjective

kasar
kesat
kasap
mentah
gersang
gabas
gerutu
geradakan
berkikir
kersang
campa
bermutu rendah
kurang ajar
tdk sopan

Rig = v. to control or affect something in a dishonest way

October 28, 2016

rig
rig2
riɡ/
verb
verb: rig; 3rd person present: rigs; past tense: rigged; past participle: rigged; gerund or present participle: rigging

1.
manage or conduct (something) fraudulently so as to produce a result or situation that is advantageous to a particular person.
“the results of the elections had been rigged”
synonyms: manipulate, engineer, distort, misrepresent, pervert, tamper with, doctor; More
falsify, fake, trump up;
informalfix, fiddle with
“they rigged the election”
cause an artificial rise or fall in prices in (a market, especially the stock market) with a view to personal profit.
“he accused games manufacturers of rigging the market”

nounarchaic
noun: rig; plural noun: rigs

1.
a trick or way of swindling someone.

————
verb

memperlengkapi
memasang
melakukan dgn curang

noun

alat pembor
pelengkapan
tali-temali

dossier = kumpulan dokumen tentang sesuatu

October 28, 2016

dos·si·er
ˈdôsēˌā,ˈdäsēˌā/
noun
noun: dossier; plural noun: dossiers

a collection of documents about a particular person, event, or subject.
“we have a dossier on him”
synonyms: file, report, case history; More

Reiterate = Mengulangi

October 28, 2016

re·it·er·ate
rēˈidəˌrāt/
verb
verb: reiterate; 3rd person present: reiterates; past tense: reiterated; past participle: reiterated; gerund or present participle: reiterating

say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
she reiterated that the administration would remain steadfast in its support”
synonyms: repeat, say again, restate, retell, recapitulate, go over (and over), rehearse
“he reiterated his concerns”
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verb

mengulangi
membuat berulang-ulang